3.1 Typedef

We briefly looked at typedefs while talking about anonymous structures and saw how we could shorten a complex structure type by giving it a name. This is precisely what typedefs are good for. Giving names to structure types might even be considered their primary use. In fact, it is so common that the distinction appears somewhat blurry and many Haxe users consider typedefs to actually be the structure.

A typedef can give a name to any other type:

typedef IA = Array<Int>;

This enables us to use IA in places where we would normally use Array<Int>. While this saves only a few keystrokes in this particular case, it can make a much bigger difference for more complex, compound types. Again, this is why typedef and structures seem so connected:

typedef User = {
  var age : Int;
  var name : String;

A typedef is not a textual replacement but actually a real type. It can even have type parameters as the Iterable type from the Haxe Standard Library demonstrates:

typedef Iterable<T> = {
  function iterator() : Iterator<T>;

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