9.2.1 ExprOf

Since Expr is compatible with any possible input, Haxe provides the type haxe.macro.ExprOf<T>. For the most part, this type is identical to Expr, but it allows constraining the type of accepted expressions. This is useful when combining macros with static extensions:

import haxe.macro.Expr;

using Main;

class Main {
  static public function main() {
    // Int has no field identity
    // 1.identity();

  macro static function identity(e:ExprOf<String>) {
    return e;

The two direct calls to identity are accepted, even though the argument is declared as ExprOf<String>. It might come as a surprise that the Int 1 is accepted, but it is a logical consequence of what was explained about macro arguments: The argument expressions are never typed, so it is not possible for the compiler to check their compatibility by unifying.

This is different for the next two lines which are using static extensions (note the using Main): For these it is mandatory to type the left side ("foo" and 1) first in order to make sense of the identity field access. This makes it possible to check the types against the argument types, which causes 1.identity() to not consider Main.identity() as a suitable field.